HIPAA and PHI

The relevant legislation is Section 1171 of Part C of Subtitle F of Public Law 104-191 (August 21, 1996): Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996: Administrative Simplification. It says that you must not share:

(A) Names;

(B) All geographic subdivisions smaller than a State, including street address, city,
county, precinct, zip code, and their equivalent geocodes, except for the initial
three digits of a zip code if, according to the current publicly available data from
the Bureau of the Census:

    (1) The geographic unit formed by combining all zip codes with the same three
    initial digits contains more than 20,000 people; and

    (2) The initial three digits of a zip code for all such geographic units
    containing 20,000 or fewer people is changed to 000.

(C) All elements of dates (except year) for dates directly related to an individual,
including birth date, admission date, discharge date, date of death; and all ages
over 89 and all elements of dates (including year) indicative of such age, except
that such ages and elements may be aggregated into a single category of age 90 or
older;

(D) Telephone numbers;

(E) Fax numbers;

(F) Electronic mail addresses;

(G) Social security numbers;

(H) Medical record numbers;

(I) Health plan beneficiary numbers;

(J) Account numbers;

(K) Certificate/license numbers;

(L) Vehicle identifiers and serial numbers, including license plate numbers;

(M) Device identifiers and serial numbers;

(N) Web Universal Resource Locators (URLs);

(O) Internet Protocol (IP) address numbers;

(P) Biometric identifiers, including finger and voice prints;

(Q) Full face photographic images and any comparable images; and

(R) Any other unique identifying number, characteristic, or code
    

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